About

Anso Hano

As Warmington states, Carthage dispatched Hano at the head of a fleet of sixty ships to explore and colonize the northwestern coast of Africa. He sailed through the straits of Gibraltar, founded or repopulated seven colonies along the African coast of what is now Morocco, and explored significantly farther along the Atlantic coast of the continent. Hogan cites the visit of Hano to Mogador, where the Phoenicians established an important dye-manufacturing plant using a marine gastropod found in the local Atlantic Ocean waters. Hano encountered various indigenous peoples on his journey and met with a variety of welcomes.

At the terminus of Hano's voyage in Africa, the explorer found an island heavily populated with what were described as hirsute and savage people. Attempts to capture the males failed, but three of the females were taken and one young boy. The men were so ferocious that they were killed, and their skins preserved for transport home to Carthage. The interpreters called them gorillae, and when European explorers first encountered gorillas in the 19th century, the apes were given this name on the assumption that they were the "people" Hanno described.


Anso Hano in Mogador with savages